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Here is where we will come to a consensus on the initial terms that will be included in our ontology of cognitive paradigms. Our starting point are the terms associated with the BrainMap Taxonomy.

In CopPO, a cognitive paradigm is represented by the concept of Behavioral Experimental Paradigm. Each Behavioral Experimental Paradigm is characterized by one or more Behavioral Experimental Paradigm Conditions and Behavioral Experimental Paradigm Condition Contrasts.

We aim to decompose each condition into its corresponding stimulus, response, and instructions:

Each of these terms is categorized by a set of classes, which will increase in size as CogPO evolves.

Contents

Stimulus Modality

Auditory Modality Interoceptive Modality Tactile Modality
Gustatory ModalityOlfactory ModalityVisual Modality

Explicit Stimulus

3D Objects Fixation Point Painful Stimulation
Abstract PatternsFlashing CheckerboardPoints of Light
AcupunctureFoodPseudowords
Asian CharactersFractalsRandom Dots
Braille DotsHeatReversed Speech
Breathable GasInfrared LaserShapes
Chord SequencesInfusionSyllables
ClicksLettersSymbols
DigitsMusicTMS
Electrical StimulationNoiseTactile Stimulation
Eye PuffsNonverbal Vocal SoundsTones
FacesNonvocal SoundsVibratory Stimulation
False FontsOdorWords
Film ClipsPictures

Stimulus Role

Feedback Non-Target Reward
Target

Response Modality

Arm Hand Pelvis
EyeLegShoulder
FaceMouthTorso
Foot

Overt Response

Blink Finger Tapping Saccades
Breathe ResponseFlexion or ExtensionSmile Response
Breath-Hold ResponseGraspSpeech
Button PressManipulateSwallow
DrawMicturateWhistle
DrinkPointWrite

Instructions

Attend Fixate Recall
Breathe InstructionsGenerateRepeat
Breath-Hold InstructionsImagineRest
CountMoveSing
DetectNameSmile Instructions
DiscriminateReadTrack
Encode

Paradigm Classes

Currently, CogPO has defined 84 classes of paradigms:

  1. Action Observation Paradigm
  2. Acupuncture Paradigm
  3. Anti-Saccades Paradigm
  4. Braille Reading Paradigm
  5. Breath-Holding Paradigm
  6. Chewing or Swallowing Paradigm
  7. Classical Conditioning Paradigm
  8. Counting or Calculation Paradigm
  9. Cued Explicit Recognition Paradigm
  10. Deception Task Paradigm
  11. Deductive Reasoning Paradigm
  12. Delay Discounting Task Paradigm
  13. Delayed Match To Sample Paradigm
  14. Delayed Non Match To Sample Paradigm
  15. Divided Auditory Attention Paradigm
  16. Drawing Paradigm
  17. Eating or Drinking Paradigm
  18. Encoding Paradigm
  19. Episodic Recall Paradigm
  20. Face Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  21. Film Viewing Paradigm
  22. Finger Tapping Paradigm
  23. Fixation Paradigm
  24. Flanker Task Paradigm
  25. Flashing Checkerboard Paradigm
  26. Flexion or Extension Paradigm
  27. Free Word List Recall Paradigm
  28. Go/No-Go Paradigm
  29. Grasping Paradigm
  30. Imagined Movement Paradigm
  31. Imagined Objects or Scenes Paradigm
  32. Isometric Force Paradigm
  33. Mental Rotation Paradigm
  34. Micturition Task Paradigm
  35. Music Comprehension or Production Paradigm
  36. n-back Paradigm
  37. Naming (Covert) Paradigm
  38. Naming (Overt) Paradigm
  39. Non-Painful Electrical Stimulation Paradigm
  40. Non-Painful Thermal Stimulation Paradigm
  41. Oddball Discrimination Paradigm
  42. Olfactory Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  43. Orthographic Discrimination Paradigm
  44. Pain Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  45. Paired Associate Recall Paradigm
  46. Passive Listening Paradigm
  47. Passive Viewing Paradigm
  48. Phonological Discrimination Paradigm
  49. Pitch Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  50. Pointing Paradigm
  51. Posner Task Paradigm
  52. Reading (Covert) Paradigm
  53. Reading (Overt) Paradigm
  54. Recitation or Repetition (Covert) Paradigm
  55. Recitation or Repetition (Overt) Paradigm
  56. Rest Paradigm
  57. Reward Task Paradigm
  58. Saccades Paradigm
  59. Semantic Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  60. Sequence Recall or Learning Paradigm
  61. Simon Task Paradigm
  62. Sleep Paradigm
  63. Spatial or Location Discrimination Paradigm
  64. Sternberg Task Paradigm
  65. Stroop Task Paradigm
  66. Subjective Emotional Picture Discrimination Paradigm
  67. Syntactic Discrimination Paradigm
  68. Tactile Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  69. Task Switching Paradigm
  70. Theory of Mind Task Paradigm
  71. Tone Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  72. Tower of London Paradigm
  73. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Paradigm
  74. Vibrotactile Monitor or Discrimination Paradigm
  75. Video Games Paradigm
  76. Visual Distractor or Visual Attention Paradigm
  77. Visual Pursuit or Tracking Paradigm
  78. Whistling Paradigm
  79. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Paradigm
  80. Word Generation (Covert) Paradigm
  81. Word Generation (Overt) Paradigm
  82. Word Stem Completion (Covert) Paradigm
  83. Word Stem Completion (Overt) Paradigm
  84. Writing Paradigm

CogPO Relationships

Proper curation of the above concepts required creation of a set of novel relationships:

has_stimulus has_response has_instructions
has_stimulus_modalityhas_response_modalityhas_contrast
included_in_contrastincludes_conditionrelated_to

Basic Formal Ontology

CogPO uses a number of terms from Basic Formal Ontology (BFO), Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI), and the Information Artifact Ontology (IAO):

action specification fiat object part object aggregate
planned processprocess aggregatequality
role

For More Information

Please see the Aims of the CogPO Project or CogPO's Wiki Policies.